Download E-books Appositive Relative Clauses in English: Discourse functions and competing structures (Studies in Discourse and Grammar) PDF

By Rudy Loock

This publication sheds new gentle on Appositive Relative Clauses (ARCs), a constitution that's usually studied from a in simple terms syntactic viewpoint, towards Determinative (or Restrictive) Relative Clauses (DRCs). during this quantity, ARCs are tested from a discourse/pragmatic viewpoint, independently of DRCs, so that it will supply a good definition of the constitution. After a presentation of the morphosyntactic, semantic and pragmatic features of ARCs, a taxonomy in their services in discourse is verified for either written and spoken English in response to the result of a corpus-based research. Constraints are then outlined inside an information-packaging method of syntactic buildings to teach why audio system decide on ARCs over different competing allostructures, i.e. syntactic constructions that fulfil related discourse capabilities (e.g. nominal appositives, self reliant clauses, adverbials, noun premodifiers, topicalization). the result is a deeper figuring out of the richness of ARCs of their usual contexts of use.

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Download E-books Prolegomenon to a Theory of Argument Structure (Linguistic Inquiry Monographs) PDF

This paintings is the fruits of an eighteen-year collaboration between
Ken Hale and Samuel Jay Keyser at the research of the syntax of lexical goods. It
examines the speculation that the habit of lexical goods might be defined in terms
of a truly small variety of extremely simple ideas. specifically, a lexical merchandise is
assumed to venture a syntactic configuration outlined over simply relations,
supplement and specifier, the place those configurations are restricted to preclude
new release and to allow merely binary branching. The paintings examines this speculation by
methodically a number of structures in English and other
languages.

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Download E-books Information Structure: The Syntax-Discourse Interface (Oxford Surveys in Syntax & Morphology) PDF

By Nomi Erteschik-Shir

This creation to details constitution discusses quite a lot of phenomena at the syntax-information constitution interface. It examines even if info constitution maps onto syntax, and if this is the case how. the subjects coated contain definitions of subject and concentration, architectures of grammar, info constitution, note order, the lexicon and knowledge constitution interface, and cognitive elements of data constitution. This publication will attract graduate scholars of syntax and semantics in departments of linguistics, philosophy, and cognitive science.

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Download E-books L'énonciation médiatisée II: Le traitement épistémologique de l'information: Illustrations Amérindiennes et caucasiennes PDF

Avec ce recueil qui reunit dix-huit contributions, nous poursuivons los angeles quete collective entreprise dans le quantity L'enonciation mediatisee ou, pour eviter toute confusion conceptuelle et terminologique, une contrast avait ete introduite entre mediatif et enonciation mediatisee. Rappelons que, selon cette contrast, le terme de mediatif designe une categorie grammaticale qui, fondee sur des oppositions formelles au sein du systeme grammatical d'une langue, permet a l'enonciateur de presenter des events (...) dont il n'assume pas l. a. responsabilite pour en avoir ecu connaissance par voie indirecte, d'ou l. a. possibilite pour lui de manifester divers degres de distance par rapport au contenu de son propre message (Guentcheva 1996: 11). Notons que le mediatif exclut de son champ semantique tout fait presente comme un constat ou lie a l. a. belief visuelle, que les degres de distance que l'enonciateur manifeste a l'egard du contenu propositionnel du message transmis, laissent l'enonce en dehors de toute assignation en vrai ou en pretend (ibid.) et qu'il ne releve pas de los angeles modalite epistemique. En revanche, l'enonciation mediatisee n'implique pas necessairement de procedes grammaticalises qui s'organisent en un systeme coherent au sein de l. a. langue, bien que, dans un contexte particulier, une forme verbale puisse recevoir une valeur mediative ou qu'un point syntaxique comme certains adverbes ou expressions adverbiales puisse conduire a une interpretation mediative de l. a. word. Rappelons egalement que les contributions au recueil en query attestaient de l. a. complexite du phenomene mediatif, de l. a. variete de procedes morphosyntaxiques et lexicaux mis en uvre dans l'expression de los angeles proposal de mediation (ou de mediatisation) et de los angeles relation complexe que l. a. categorie du mediatif entretient d'une half avec los angeles valeur de resultativite liee au parfait et d'autre half, avec l. a. modalite epistemique. C'est le questionnement sur cette variete de procedes morphosyntaxiques et sur los angeles pertinence de los angeles idea de mediation ou de mediatisation dans d'autres langues du monde qui est a l'origine de ce moment quantity.

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Download E-books Cognitive Linguistics Between Universality and Variation PDF

By Mario Brdar

This quantity takes up the problem of assessing the current nation of Cognitive Linguistics at the innovative among universality and variability. Claims of universality have by no means been explicitly articulated via cognitive linguists yet reviews on embodiment, motivation and cognitive procedures corresponding to metaphor, metonymy, and conceptual integration depend upon normal cognitive talents and therefore tacitly suppose cross-linguistic commonalities. Variability inside of a language and throughout languages has obtained transforming into recognition, particularly in contrastive and corpus-based stories. either views are given considerable house within the articles amassed within the quantity. the current quantity is the 1st to handle the real factor of the location of Cognitive Linguistics among the poles of universality and variability. The editors insightful advent attracts compelling information to this as a but unresolved query. while, the nice contributions accrued within the quantity mirror state of the art study in Cognitive Linguistics and element to cutting edge avenues for destiny examine. The interdisciplinary variety of topic parts, the hot ways pursued and many of the methodologies hired makes this quantity really precious. it may be of serious curiosity to students operating within the fields of Cognitive Linguistics and in particular languages, rather English and Slavic linguistics. Günter Radden, collage of Hamburg

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Download E-books Grammaire PDF

By Jean Dubois

Des fiches claires et structurées, illustrées de nombreux exemples, pour comprendre et retenir les notions fondamentales : les mots, leur nature et leur fonction dans l. a. word ; los angeles development des compléments ; les verbes : transitifs, intransitifs, pronominaux ; l'emploi des temps et des modes. Toutes les règles d'accord clairement expliquées : noms, adjectifs et pronoms, verbes et sujets, participes passés...

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Download E-books The Lexicogrammar of Adjectives: A Systemic Functional Approach to Lexis (Education Matters) PDF

It has lengthy been a suggestion of systemic practical linguistics that lexis could be taken care of as "most soft grammar", that's, that the "senses" of lexical goods may be modelled in method networks which are primarily comparable in type to these utilized in version meanings discovered in grammar. After verbs and nouns, adjectives are crucial lexical note category. this can be a descriptive and theoretical examine of this crucial grammatical class, offering an illustration of the validity of Halliday's speculation, and aiming to give a contribution to the linguistic idea of either systemic useful and common linguistics.

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Download E-books Structure Preserved: Studies in syntax for Jan Koster (Linguistik Aktuell/Linguistics Today) PDF

"Structure is on the rock-bottom of all explanatory sciences" (Jan Koster). 40 years in the past, the speculation that underlying the bewildering number of syntactic phenomena are basic and unified structural styles of unforeseen attractiveness and ease gave upward push to significant developments within the examine of Dutch and Germanic syntax, with very important implications for the idea of grammar as an entire. Jan Koster was once one of many crucial figures during this improvement, and he has persisted to discover the constitution retaining speculation all through his illustrious occupation. This number of articles via over 40 syntacticians celebrates the developments made within the examine of syntax during the last 40 years, reflecting at the structural ideas underlying syntactic phenomena and emulating the method of syntactic research embodied in Jan Koster's instructing and learn.

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Download E-books Argument Licensing and Agreement (Oxford Studies in Comparative Syntax) PDF

The strikingly unrestricted syntactic distribution of nouns in lots of Bantu languages frequently results in proposals that syntactic case doesn't play an energetic position within the grammar of Bantu. This e-book deals a distinct end that the root of Zulu that Bantu languages haven't just a method of structural case, but in addition a posh process of morphological case that's akin to platforms present in languages like Icelandic. by means of evaluating the approach of argument licensing present in Zulu to these present in extra widespread languages, Halpert introduces a couple of insights onto the association of the grammar.

First, whereas this booklet argues in want of a case-licensing research of Zulu, it locates the positions the place case is assigned decrease within the clause than what's present in nominative-accusative languages. moreover, Zulu exhibits facts that case and contract are designated operations within the language, positioned on varied heads and working independently of one another. regardless of those unfamiliarities, there's proof that the timing relationships among operations reflect these present in different languages. moment, this booklet proposes a unique kind of morphological case that serves to masks many structural licensing results in Zulu; the consequences of this situation are unusual, Halpert argues that its life is anticipated given the present typological photo of case. ultimately, this e-book explores the implications of case and contract as dissociated operations, displaying that given this example, different strange homes of Bantu languages, resembling hyper-raising, are a ordinary end result. This exploration yields the belief that a number of the more odd houses of Bantu languages actually end result from small quantities of version to deeply generic syntactic ideas corresponding to case, contract, and the EPP.

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