Download E-books Grammar, Grades 3 - 4 (The 100+ Series(TM)) PDF

By Jean Agatstein

A top-selling instructor source line, The a hundred+ Series(TM) positive aspects over a hundred reproducible actions in each one book!

The worksheets in those books will provide scholars the perform they should turn into grammar specialists. This e-book bargains a large choice of actions that offer an information of the principles and laws of right English utilization. the various simple talents addressed are alphabetical order, synonyms, antonyms, homonyms, components of speech, plurals, verb tenses, punctuation, sentences, and ownership. The actions also are illustrated to reinforce pupil motivation.

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Download E-books A Reference Grammar of Romanian: Volume 1: The noun phrase (Linguistik Aktuell/Linguistics Today) PDF

In accordance with fresh learn in formal linguistics, this quantity presents a radical description of the complete method of Romanian Noun words, understood in a longer experience, that's, as well as nouns, pronouns and determiners, it examines the entire adnominal words: genitive-marked DPs, adjectives, relative clauses, appositions, prepositional words, supplement clauses and non-finite modifiers. The e-book specializes in syntax and the syntax-semantics interface but additionally contains a systematic morphological description of the language. The implicitly comparative description of Romanian inside the ebook can function a place to begin for the learn of the syntax/semantics of Noun words in different languages, whether or no longer they're typologically concerning Romanian. This ebook could be of targeted curiosity to linguists engaged on Romanian, Romance languages, comparative linguistics and language typology, specifically simply because Romanian is proper for comparative linguistics not just as a Romance language, but in addition as a part of the so-called Balkan Sprachbund.

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Download E-books Direct Interface and One-Channel Translation (Studies in Generative Grammar [SGG]) by Tobias Scheer (2012-03-01) PDF

By Tobias Scheer

Following up at the consultant to Morphosyntax-Phonology Interface Theories (2011), written from a theory-neutral viewpoint, this booklet lays out the author's method of the representational aspect of the interface. the most perception is that diacritics similar to hash-marks or prosodic components don't qualify in a modular atmosphere. the choice is that basically syllabic house, i.e. CV devices, will be companies of morpho-syntactic info. this concept is labored out in certain case experiences of a couple of languages within the framework of CVCV (or strict CV), which makes the booklet the second quantity of A Lateral conception of Phonology (2004).

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Download E-books How English Works: A Grammar Handbook with Readings PDF

By Ann Raimes

This publication makes use of readings from newspapers, works of non-fiction, and school textbooks to demonstrate using objective buildings. The Student's e-book presents transparent displays of the fundamental ideas of 27 very important parts of English grammar, via a wide selection of workouts and projects for writing and modifying. It engages scholars with issues that diversity from man made intelligence and desktop pcs to the surroundings and economics. this crucial grammar textual content presents a real-world context that permits scholars to work out how the English language quite "works."

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Download E-books The Emergence and Development of SVO Patterning in Latin and French: Diachronic and Psycholinguistic Perspectives PDF

By Brigitte L. M. Bauer

This e-book analyzes--in phrases of branching--the pervasive reorganization of Latin syntactic and morphological buildings: within the improvement from Latin to French, a shift will be saw from the archaic, left-branching constructions (which Latin inherited from Proto-Indo-European) to fashionable right-branching equivalents. Brigitte Bauer offers an in depth research of this improvement in response to the theoretical dialogue and definition of "branching" and "head." consequently she relates the diachronic shift to psycholinguistic proof, arguing that the trouble of LB advanced constructions as mirrored of their painstaking and behind schedule acquisition money owed for the wide typological shift from left to correct branching that happened in Latin/French and the opposite Indo-European languages.

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Download E-books Inflectional Identity (Oxford Studies in Theoretical Linguistics) PDF

A recurrent factor in linguistic conception and psychology matters the cognitive prestige of memorized lists and their inner constitution. In morphological thought, the collections of inflected varieties of a given noun, verb, or adjective into inflectional paradigms are inspiration to represent one such form of checklist. This booklet specializes in the query of which parts in a paradigm can stand in a relation of partial or overall phonological id. prime students reflect on inflectional id from quite a few theoretical views, with an emphasis on either case reports and predictive theories of the place syncretism and different "paradigmatic pressures" will ensue in typical language. The authors reflect on phenomena comparable to allomorphy and syncretism whereas exploring questions of underlying representations, the formal houses of markedness, and the featural illustration of conjugation and declension periods. They accomplish that from the viewpoint of up to date theories of morphology and phonology, together with dispensed Morphology and Optimality idea, and within the context of a variety of languages, between them Amharic, Greek, Romanian, Russian, Saami, and Yiddish. the topics addressed within the publication comprise the position of featural decomposition of morphosyntactic gains, the prestige of paradigms because the unit of syncretism, uneven results in identity-dependence, and the choice of a base-of-derivation.

The Bases of Inflectional Identity will curiosity linguists and cognitive scientists, particularly scholars and students of phonological conception and the phonology-morphology and mind-language interfaces at graduate point and above.

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Download E-books Coherence, Reference, and the Theory of Grammar PDF

By Andrew Kehler

A traditional language discourse is greater than an arbitrary series of utterances; a discourse shows coherence. regardless of its centrality to discourse interpretation, coherence hardly performs a task in theories of linguistic phenomena that observe throughout utterances.

In this publication, Andrew Kehler presents an research of coherence relationships among utterances that's rooted in 3 kinds of 'connection between rules' first articulated by way of the thinker David Hume—Resemblance, reason or impact, and Contiguity. Kehler then indicates how those relationships impact the distribution of a number of linguistic phenomena, together with verb word ellipsis, gapping, extraction from coordinate buildings, stressful, and pronominal reference. In each one of those parts, Kehler demonstrates how the limitations imposed by means of linguistic shape engage with these imposed through the method of building coherence to provide an explanation for info that has eluded earlier analyses. his ebook should be of curiosity to researchers from the wide spectrum of disciplines from which discourse is studied, in addition to these operating in syntax, semantics, computational linguistics, psycholinguistics, and philosophy of language.

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Download E-books Language Interrupted: Signs of Non-Native Acquisition in Standard Language Grammars PDF

By John McWhorter

Foreigners frequently say that English language is "easy." A language like Spanish is tough in its number of verb endings (the verb speak is conjugated hablo, hablas, hablamos), and gender for nouns, while English is extra straightforward (I converse, you converse, we speak). yet linguists quite often swat down claims that yes languages are "easier" than others, because it is believed all languages are complicated to an analogous measure. for instance, they'll aspect to English's use of the notice "do" -- Do you recognize French? This utilization is counter-intuitive and tough for non-native audio system. Linguist John McWhorter consents that every one languages are advanced, yet questions whether they are all both complicated. the subject of complexity has develop into a scorching factor in recent times, relatively in creole reports, historic linguistics, and language touch. As McWhorter describes, while languages got here into touch through the years (when French audio system governed the English for a number of centuries, or the vikings invaded England), plenty of audio system are pressured to profit a brand new language fast, and this got here up with a simplified model, a pidgin. whilst this finally becomes a "real" language, a creole, the result's nonetheless easier and not more advanced than a "non-interrupted" language that has been round for a very long time. McWhorter makes the case that this sort of simplification occurs in levels, and criticizes linguists who're reluctant to claim that, for instance, English is just less complicated than Spanish for socio-historical purposes. He analyzes how quite a few languages that appear easy yet will not be creoles, truly are easier than they might be in the event that they had now not been damaged down through huge numbers of grownup rookies. as well as English, he seems at Mandarin chinese language, Persian, Malay, and a few Arabic types. His paintings will curiosity not only specialists in creole reviews and historic linguistics, however the wider group attracted to language complexity.

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Download E-books Teaching Grammar in Second Language Classrooms: Integrating Form-Focused Instruction in Communicative Context (ESL & Applied Linguistics Professional Series) PDF

By Hossein Nassaji

Recent SLA examine acknowledges the need of cognizance to grammar and demonstrates that form-focused guide is mainly powerful while it really is integrated right into a significant communicative context. Designed in particular for second-language academics, this article identifies and explores a number of the concepts for integrating a spotlight on grammar and a spotlight on verbal exchange in school room contexts and provides concrete examples of educating actions for every option.  every one bankruptcy features a description of the choice, its theoretical and empirical heritage, examples of actions illustrating in a non-technical demeanour the way it may be carried out within the lecture room, questions for mirrored image, and a listing of priceless assets that academics can seek advice for additional info.

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